Applications of NMR

There are a variety of NMR experiments that can be performed in liquid and solid state to provide information regarding:

  • Types of molecules and nuclei (proton, carbon, nitrogen, phosphorus, oxygen, silicon and many more) present

  • Molecular structure and conformation

  • Molecular composition

  • Purity and quality of chemicals and materials

  • Interactions with other molecules

  • Quantification

  • Kinetics and reaction mechanisms


NMR can be used to investigate biomolecules (e.g. DNA, RNA, proteins, carbohydrates or lipids), organic molecules (e.g. drug candidates, industrial chemicals), inorganic molecules (e.g. inorganic complexes used in solar panels), mixtures (e.g. metabolites, environmental matrices such as soil or organic matter in rivers and oceans, food and drinks), materials (e.g. catalysts, polymers). NMR can also obtain spectra of living organisms.